# How To Calculate Duty Cycle

Table of Contents

## What is a 50% duty cycle?

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## How do you measure duty cycle?

Duty cycle is measured in percentage of ON time. Example: A 60% duty cycle is a signal that is on 60% of the time and off 40% of the time. An alternate way to measure duty cycle is dwell, measured in degrees instead of percent.

## What is a 60% duty cycle?

Duty cycle is given in a percentage out of 10 minutes. For instance, the Millermatic 212 at 160 amps (at 24.5 VDC) has a 60% Duty Cycle. This means it can weld continuously for 6 minutes straight before it has to reset itself. Welders with 80% Duty Cycle can weld for 8 minutes straight before the machine has to reset.

## What is a 20% duty cycle?

For example: A DIY welder on a smaller job may have a 20% duty cycle at the maximum amperage of the machine, possibly 150 amps. 2 minutes is 20% of 10 minutes which means the machine can weld non stop at those 150 amps. 30% would mean 3 minutes.

## How do you calculate duty cycle from voltage?

Duty is literally the proportion of 1s to 0s output by the PWM command. To determine the proportional PWM output voltage, use this formula: (Duty ÷ 256) x 5 V. For example, if Duty is 100, (100 ÷ 256) x 5 V = 1.953 V; PWM outputs a train of pulses whose average voltage is 1.953 V.

## What does 100% duty cycle mean?

A 100% duty cycle simply means the compressor will deliver a consistent CFM and PSI the entire time the compressor is in use, which is different than being able to run continuously. A piston-type compressor eventually needs to stop and cool down even if they are rated at 100% duty cycle.

## What do you mean by duty cycle?

Duty cycle is the proportion of time during which a component, device, or system is operated. The duty cycle can be expressed as a ratio or as a percentage.

## What is duty cycle of a motor?

Motor Duty / Load Cycle. The term duty defines the load cycle to which the machine is subjected, including, if applicable, starting, electric braking, no-load, and rest de-energized periods, and including their durations and sequence in time.

## What is duty cycle of DC motor?

Duty Cycle is the ratio of the full-power pulse’s duration to the entire PWM interval period, usually expressed as a percentage. PWM Equivalent Voltage is the product of the power supply voltage times the Duty Cycle divided by 100.

## What does 30 percent duty cycle mean?

Duty cycle is the percentage of time that a machine will safely operate (or weld), within a certain time period, at a given amperage. For example the Weldforce WF-205MST multi-function welder has a duty cycle of 200 Amps @ 30%. This means that it will operate at 200A for 3 minutes within a 10 minute time period.